Wolnica Square

Address:
Plac Wolnica, Kraków

Description

This magnificent square is a remainder of the old market square in Kazimierz. Despite its impressive size, it is worth mentioning that it used to be four times larger and had a town hall in its centre. The oldest Gothic edifice of the town hall was twice destroyed in fires, but its oldest foundations are preserved. It was rebuilt in the 16th and 17th centuries in the Renaissance style. In 1876, the town hall became a seat of a school after thorough renovation and today it houses the Seweryn Udziela Ethnographic Museum.

This magnificent square is a remainder of the old market square in Kazimierz. Despite its impressive size, it is worth mentioning that it used to be four times larger and had a town hall in its centre. The oldest Gothic edifice of the town hall was twice destroyed in fires, but its oldest foundations are preserved. It was rebuilt in the 16th and 17th centuries in the Renaissance style. In 1876, the town hall became a seat of a school after thorough renovation and today it houses the Seweryn Udziela Ethnographic Museum.

The square owes its name to an Old Polish word that meant a permit to a free sale of meat (other than in the so-called Jatki), but the place is not only famous for its commerce. Kazimierz was probably where the Kraków Academy, the predecessor of the Jagiellonian University, was established. Old chronicles confirm that King Casimir III the Great located his academy in Kazimierz in order to raise the prestige of the town and increase its competitive power. Only afterwards, Jadwiga of Poland moved the seat of the university close to Main Market Square, to Św. Anny Street.

Translation: Summa Linguae SA

Date: 2016-02-16 Show ticket
News author: TOMASZ STANKIEWICZ
News Publisher: Portal główny EN
Tags: city, tourism
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