Great Britain |
Population: 488 050
East Market Street 4 |
EH8 8B Edinburgh
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|Mayor:||Rt. Hon. Robert Aldridge Lord Provost|
|Agreements of Cooperation:||Cooperation agreement of 3 April 1995. Agreement between the City of Edinburgh and the City of Krakow of 25 March 1999. Cooperation protocol between Krakow and Edinburgh of 13 August 2004. Partnership cooperation continuance agreement between the City of Krakow in the Polish Republic and the City of Edinburgh in Great Britain of 23 April 2009. Partnership cooperation continuance agreement between the City of Krakow in the Polish Republic and the City of Edinburgh in Great Britain of 21 October 2014.|
Primary traces of settlement in the city area date back to approx. 3000 years BC. It is certain, however, that from a small village Edinburgh remarkably developed and expanded only in the 12th century when it became the capital city of Scotland. From 1437 the city was the seat of the Scottish parliament whose sessions were renewed in 1999, after a break lasting from the act of unification with England in 1707. In the past, Edinburgh was also called "Old Smoky" (Scottish Auld Reekie). Since 1583 - when the first university was established (at present there are four universities: University of Edinburgh, Heriot-Watt University, Napier University and Queen Margaret University) - it has been an important educational centre in Great Britain. The city is famous for its numerous annual celebrations, events and festivals, which are known under the working name of "Edinburgh Festival" and take place in the capital of Scotland in August and September. The most famous events of this cycle are: Fringe (arts festival) and Military Tattoo (performances of military bands).