Historical Museum of the City of Kraków – City Defence Walls

ul. Pijarska, 30-547 Kraków
Opening hours:

Summer season (April – October):

Monday – Sunday: 10:30 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.

closed on every second Monday of the month

Winter season (November – March): closed

There is a one shared ticked for both the Barbican and the City Defence Walls.


Of the once powerful, mediaeval fortifications of Krakow only a 200 m section of walls with Floriańska (St. Florian’s) Gate and three adjacent towers have survived to our times.

St. Florian’s Gate is a main city gate, mentioned in historic sources in 1307. Its name derives from a nearby church of St. Florian at Kleparz. It once defended access to Krakow from the north, the side most prone to enemy attack in case of invasion. In the 14th century it was given the form of a high stone tower with a simple rectangular bulwark. For centuries, St. Florian’s Gate and the Barbican were connected by a so-called “neck”.

In modern times St. Florian’s Gate gained symbolic status as a representative gateway to the city situated on the Royal Route (Via Regia). On its outer side there is a bas-relief of a Piast eagle coat of arms sculpted in 1882 according to the design by Jan Matejko, while on its inner side there is a Baroque bas-relief of St. Florian. On the first floor of the gate there is a chapel of the Princes Czartoryski foundation with a neo-Gothic balcony designed in 1840 by Karol Kremer.

Only 3 towers adjacent to St. Florian’s Gate and connected with a stone defensive wall have survived to our times: from the side of Szpitalna St. the Belt-makers’ Tower, further on the Joiners’ Tower, and by Sławkowska St. the Carpenters’ Tower. All were placed on a stone bay and built out of bricks in the 15th Century.

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