In the year 2000, we celebrated the 600th anniversary of the renovation of the Jagiellonian University, the oldest Polish school of higher education.
In 1400, Władysław Jagiełło renewed the university, established in 1364 by King Casimir III the Great as the Kraków Academy. It is the second oldest Unicersity in Central Europe after the Charles University in Prague. In the Middle Ages, the ideas that originated at this university radiated to the whole European continent. The golden age is the period of the greatest prosperity of Kraków, when currents of humanism and reformation were shaped, determining the city's future identity.
The students of the Jagiellonian University were: Nicolaus Copernicus, whose heliocentric theory became an epoch-making discovery, and Karol Wojtyła, who was later elected to be pope (John Paul II). The Jagiellonian University is among the four best institutions of higher education in Poland and it plays a leading role among the 17 Kraków universities.
The most important universities in Kraków are: University of Science and Technology, Cracow University of Technology, Kraków University of Economics as well as Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts, the oldest art academy in Poland. There are 100 research institutes in the city. The oldest facility of this kind is the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences, founded in 1816.
Translation: Summa Linguae