The Juliusz Słowacki Theatre
From the very beginning of its artistic activity (the theatre was opened on the 21st October 1893), the stage in Św. Ducha Square has been a place of theatrical avant-garde. Apart from classic plays, it also staged theatrical "novelties", such as plays by Stanisław Wyspiański, Stanisław Przybyszewski, Lucjan Rydel, August Strindberg, Henrik Ibsen, Anton Chekhov and others. This is where the memorable premières of Stanisław Wyspiański's plays, The Wedding (1901) and Liberation (1903), were staged. The innovative ventures of the theatre included the staging of Dziady by Adam Mickiewicz under the direction of Wyspiański in 1901, which became an important part of the history of Polish theatre; in fact, surprising the audience with uncommon premières was the theatre's specialty.
In 1909, Teatr Miejski received the patronage of Juliusz Słowacki. Today's character of the theatre is shaped by plays depicting the man as suspended between the new and the old. The theatre's tradition involves careful selection of differentiated repertoire and outstanding artists to ensure its high artistic quality. For over 20 years, the Grand Stage plays are accompanied by those staged on the Miniature, which is the second so-called Small Stage of J. Słowacki Theatre.
Juliusz Słowacki Theatre is also perceived as the salon of Kraków, where various honourable jubilarians meet at anniversary events, along with scholars and artists from many countries. It is the most impressive stage in Kraków and the only one that has a famous drop curtain, painted by Henryk Siemiradzki, which can be admired during the entr'acte.
The theatre has a third stage, called the Gate Stage (Scena w Bramie), which initiated its activity by staging the première of In the Solitude of Cotton Fields by Bernard-Marie Koltès on the 7th November 2003. The stage was formed from an old storage facility for theatrical props and decorations. Today, it welcomes the audience with its crude and dark interior. It is the fourth stage of J. Słowacki Theatre – specifically designed to stage alternative plays, artistic débuts and experimental performances. It is the stage of artists' initiative.
Translation: Summa Linguae