St. Adalbert's Church

Rynek Główny 3, Kraków

According to a legend, the church was built in a place where St. Adalbert delivered a sermon. He conducted missionary work on the territories adjoining Poland as ordered by King Bolesław the Great. This activity cost him his life, as he died a martyr. His body was later bought out from the pagan tribe of Old Prussians for gold whose weight was equal to the weight of the saint's body. Saint Adalbert was acknowledged as one of the patron saints of Poland. The preserved and displayed fragments of Romanesque walls of St. Adalbert's Church constitute the oldest monument around the Main Market Square. The small church was probably built at the beginning of the 11th century. It stood on a bifurcation of trade routes, long before the demarcation of the Main Market Square and the city's location. The present church, whose crucial parts come from the end of the 11th century and the beginning of the 12th century, is a result of rebuilding a church that had stood there previously. Today, the fragments of the Romanesque limestone walls with a round-arch portal with nested arches and narrow windows are displayed almost 2 metres below the payment. This gives us the idea of how high the surface of the Main Market Square has been raised throughout centuries. However, the present image of this small temple is dominated by later reconstructions in the spirit of Baroque at the beginning of the 17th century (elevation and an added dome) and 18th century (construction of a sacristy and a shrine to the blessed Wincenty Kadłubek). Apart from the 15th-century crucifix, the interior is mainly Baroque in style.
Date: 2013-06-06 Show ticket
News author: Weronika Dulowska
News Publisher: Portal główny EN
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